Counsellors can specialize in treating mental health conditions and challenges like ADHD, anger, panic and even video game addiction. We know that those who visit First Session are usually looking for anxiety therapy or depression therapy. However, you likely will not know what specialization you need at first—and that’s totally normal.
For example, it’s not unusual to see people enter therapy because they are experiencing symptoms of depression or anxiety, and through a few sessions it may become clear that these symptoms are related to something more specific like unprocessed trauma. Symptoms of trauma can be difficult to pinpoint yourself since they can develop over time. But if you come to the understanding that this is related to your current challenges and issues, you could start looking for counsellors who specialize in trauma therapy. Therapists with trauma listed under their specializations will be able to address related issues like depression or anxiety as well, and they will also approach sessions with training in trauma-informed or trauma-trained care.
Some other popular specialization categories on First Session include:
In British Columbia, three types of therapists are regulated by law—psychiatrists, psychologists and social workers. This means that they must meet certain education and training requirements to practice under those titles, and they must be registered and licensed by the relevant governing body (known as a college) for their designation.
Psychotherapists, therapists or counsellors in BC do not yet have the same regulations overseeing them—regulations are coming soon for the title of Counselling Therapist. Look for titles like Registered Clinical Counsellor (RCC) or Certified Clinical Counsellor (CCC). These are credible practitioners that belong to self-governed professional associations. There are other titles overseen by associations across BC—take some time to review them and their requirements if you come across other titles. You could also receive psychotherapy or counselling therapy from another regulated practitioner, like a psychologist or social worker.
First Session carefully vets all therapists and counsellors to ensure they meet requirements in their region and are certified by the correct legal or self-governing bodies.
Psychiatry is a medical field of study. Psychiatrists can prescribe medications. Usually an appointment would require a referral from a doctor and it’s unlikely you will be able to book counselling time with them.
Psychologists in Vancouver will hold a PhD. Psychologists can either work directly with patients or clients offering counselling or psychotherapy, or they might remain in academia conducting studies and furthering research in the field of mental health. Psychologists can identify and diagnose mental health conditions but they cannot prescribe medication.
It’s a common misconception that social workers in Vancouver are only available via community or social services. Social service workers differ from social workers. Registered Social Workers (RSW) are counsellors. They can work in a variety of settings, like hospitals, or they can be booked directly for counselling therapy, including on First Session. Those with a title of Registered Clinical Social Worker (RCSW) have additional training and certification which allows them to diagnose mental health disorders using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5).
You can book counselling appointments on First Session with social workers, counsellors or psychologists in Vancouver.
A number one question people have before seeking counselling is: “how much does therapy or counselling cost?”
In British Columbia, the types of counselling covered by provincial healthcare plans (MSP) include psychiatrists via doctor referral, or receiving counselling directly in a medical setting such as from your family doctor or in a hospital. The provincial government does, however, have a resources page available with a number of affordable and accessible mental health care options.
Otherwise, you can expect therapy costs out-of-pocket in the range of $50 to $300+ per session. Your counsellor’s years of experience, their location, level of education and training will dictate their fees. For example, a new counselling therapist might charge $50 or $75 per session, but seasoned psychologists will likely fall into the $200 to $350 range.
You may be able to access therapy and counselling coverage by workplace insurance benefits to help offset costs. If you have health benefits through your employer, check your benefits booklet or chat with your insurance provider to better understand your coverage. Importantly, your employer is not notified of your usage. Typically you pay for your session first and then submit your bill as a claim to your insurance provider for reimbursement after.
If you don’t have coverage through an employer, costs can be a barrier for many. There are therapists and counsellors who offer affordable and sliding scale therapy to make counselling accessible for more people. Usually, a counsellor will allocate only a certain number of discounted sessions per month. You’ll see clearly on First Session which counsellors offer sliding scale appointments, but you should always feel welcome to ask. If a counsellor cannot provide a discount, they may have other solutions available or can point you to other resources.
When booking in-person counselling in Vancouver, you can expect to see a counsellor in a private office, home office, clinic, centre, or shared office space. However, it is becoming more common to find online counselling in Vancouver, especially after the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. Virtual appointments allow clients and counsellors to connect via the phone or video chat with more flexibility. Some counsellors use specific digital platforms for online appointments, and others may connect with you via Zoom or Skype.
To book either online or in-person counselling, you can contact a counsellor’s office directly or you can easily book counselling online with First Session.
Before you get started, it’s a good idea to check for free counselling consultations in Vancouver. These 15-minute initial meetings let you and the counsellor discuss your needs and goals, and it’s your chance to see if they’re a good fit for you. You can also ask them about their experience, education, specialities and techniques on the call.
There are also a number of emergency and non-emergency mental health hotlines available for people in British Columbia. You can find them on the HeretoHelp website.
Anyone can book an appointment with a counsellor. You do not have to wait until your symptoms are “bad enough” to start looking into counselling.
While some people are referred to counselling, many people begin the search on their own for individual counselling. Individual counselling means you’re meeting with a counsellor one-on-one. However, group counselling can be beneficial especially if social interactions are part of your treatments. There are also counsellors who specialize in family or couples counselling.
You can easily browse counsellors on First Session in those categories and more:
Finding a counsellor that is focused on your demographic can be effective. For example, there are more counsellors available now who focus on historically underrepresented demographics. First Session lists therapists who specialize in LGBTQ2IA+ therapy or BIPOC therapy, and more. When a counsellor understands your lived experiences, they’re often better able to understand your obstacles and challenges, and can offer insights that are sensitive to those issues—this can be helpful, but not a must.
Counselling for mental health challenges and disorders can take many different forms. Counsellors tend to specialize in a core set of techniques for treatment, known as modalities. Some of the most commonly searched modalities are CBT (cognitive behaviour therapy), DBT (dialectical behaviour therapy), EMDR (eye movement desensitization and reprocessing), and somatic therapy.
CBT and DBT are both categorized as “cognitive” therapies. They address the process and cycle of thoughts, behaviours and emotions. If you’re starting CBT therapy, you can expect your counsellor to work with you to get a sense of your thought and behaviour patterns, and they may help you to challenge negative or distorted thinking. CBT usually takes place over a set number of appointments, and often involves some journaling or “homework” between sessions.
DBT therapy is often helpful for those who have more serious impulsive or self-destructive behaviour and heightened emotional responses. “Dialectical” refers to two opposing forces; two things may be true at the same time. For those who struggle with all-or-nothing or binary thinking, DBT can help them acknowledge and accept life’s challenges and keep working on moving forward. There is a social interactions component to DBT and so this often involves group counselling.
Somatic therapy tackles how we carry our mental health and stress in our physical selves. Everyone has that fight, flight or freeze response, but we can easily get stuck in a response when there is no real danger in front of us, especially if we’ve experienced some kind of trauma. This keeps our nervous system revved up and can result in serious mental and physical symptoms. Becoming aware of our nervous system’s response to stress can help us handle cognitive issues we may not even be aware of.
Within the somatic therapy category is EMDR. If seeking EMDR therapy, you can expect to find counsellors who specialize in trauma or PTSD—this is what EMDR was designed for. These counsellors will help guide you through recalling traumatic memories while they direct your eyes to move in certain directions, perhaps with a pen or finger. Research indicates this method helps create new neurological pathways in the brain that helps reprogram traumatic memories to process them in a new and healthier way.
You can search for counsellors or therapists by-modality on First Session, and read about which modalities they use on their profile pages.
Trauma therapy plays a crucial role in aiding individuals to overcome the challenges associated with traumatic experiences. It helps in multiple ways:
1. Processing Traumatic Events: Trauma therapy provides a safe and supportive environment for individuals to talk about and process their traumatic experiences. This is essential in helping them understand and contextualize their experiences, which is a vital step in the healing process.
2. Reducing Symptoms: Those who have experienced trauma often face symptoms like anxiety, depression, flashbacks, and insomnia. Trauma therapy aims to reduce these symptoms, helping individuals regain a sense of normalcy in their daily lives.
3. Developing Coping Strategies: Therapists assist individuals in developing effective coping mechanisms. These strategies are tailored to help manage stress, regulate emotions, and improve reactions to triggers related to the traumatic event.
4. Restoring a Sense of Control: Trauma can leave individuals feeling powerless. Therapy helps restore a sense of control over their lives by empowering them to make choices and changes that contribute to their well-being.
5. Improving Relationships: Trauma can strain personal relationships. Therapy provides tools for better communication and understanding, helping to repair and strengthen relationships with family, friends, and colleagues.
6. Building Resilience: Through therapy, individuals learn to build resilience against future stressors, reducing the likelihood of being overwhelmed by challenging situations.
7. Integrating Mind-Body Techniques: Many trauma therapies incorporate mind-body techniques like mindfulness and relaxation exercises, which help in reducing physical tension and improving mental clarity.
8. Enhancing Self-Esteem: By addressing trauma-related issues, therapy can significantly boost an individual’s self-esteem and self-worth, contributing to a more positive self-image.
You may benefit from trauma therapy if you have experienced a traumatic event and are experiencing any of the following:
Determining the right trauma therapist involves understanding their therapeutic style, experience, and compatibility with your needs. Most importantly, when choosing a therapist, you must find someone you feel comfortable with. We recommend browsing First Session to narrow down to a few therapists you feel like you would click with, then watch their profile videos before booking initial consultations. Some therapists offer free initial consultation to assess fit. Check out our detailed guide on How to Find a Therapist for more insights.
The process of finding the right practitioner, what to expect for your first appointment, how to prepare, and more.
An overview of average costs for therapy and how to know what’s covered by your employer.
Common therapist titles and their licensing and education requirements across Canada.
Therapy options by demographic, illness or challenge—finding a therapist who specializes in what you need.
Popular evidence-based therapy techniques and approaches, from cognitive (thought) to somatic (body) therapies.