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CHART: psychiatrist vs psychologist vs social worker vs psychotherapist

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By: First Session

If you’ve been looking for therapists in Canada, you may have noticed many different types of counsellors. According to the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association, there are more than 70 mental health professional titles covering various types of therapies in Canada. 

What do they all mean?

In Canada, the titles of psychiatrist, psychologist or social worker are regulated by law at the provincial level. That means, if you’ve found a therapist with one of those designations, you’ll know they must meet specific education and training requirements to use that title. They are also overseen by a legally appointed organization—a college or an association.

Depending on which province you live in, the titles of psychotherapist or counselling therapist may or may not be regulated. In unregulated provinces (British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and all three territories), you can look for therapists with the title Canadian Certified Counsellor (CCC), which is overseen at a national level by the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association.

In addition to the CCPA at a national level, there are associations at the provincial level that may certify their professionals. For example, if you’re looking for a counsellor in British Columbia, look for certified practitioners with credentials such as Registered Clinical Counsellor (RCC), provided by the BC Association of Clinical Counsellors.

First Session carefully vets all therapists and counsellors to ensure they meet requirements in their region and are certified by the correct legal or credible self-governing bodies. 

We know this can be confusing. The chart below outlines which provinces currently regulate counselling and psychotherapy, as well as the varying regulations for psychologists and social workers. 

What about those other 70+ titles? Do a little digging before working with someone. You might get advice and guidance from professionals like a life coach — that’s great! — but they are not a certified or licensed therapist unless they meet the regulations for psychology, social work or psychotherapy/counselling therapy in your province as well. 

Note: Anywhere in Canada, a psychiatrist will need to be certified by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) at a national level, and they will need to register with the appropriate medical college at the provincial level. They are not included in the chart.

Ontario

When looking for therapists in Ontario, the titles of Registered Psychotherapist or Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), Registered Social Worker (RSW), Psychologists and Psychological Associates are all regulated.

Find a therapist in Ontario

Psychologist

Designation
Psychologist
Education
PhD
Training hours
4 year residency + 1 year supervision
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
Yes
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$200 - $300
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
What to expect
May offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy
Designation
Psychological Associate
Education
Master's
Training hours
6,000 hours supervised work
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
Yes
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$125 +
Coverage likelihood
Medium
What to expect
May offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy

Social Worker

Registered Social Services Worker
Designation
Registered Social Services Worker (RSSW)
Education
College Diploma
Training hours
Demonstrated experience in social work within 5 years of application
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$100 - $150
Coverage likelihood
Medium
What to expect
May offer counselling, community services and social support programs
Registered Social Worker
Designation
Registered Social Worker (RSW)
Education
Bachelor's degree
Training hours
Demonstrated experience in social work within 5 years of application
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $90 +
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
What to expect
May offer counselling or psychotherapy (if registered)

Counsellors and psychotherapists

Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Designation
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Education
Master's or PhD
Training hours
Based on graduation date**
<5 years: 150 direct client hours w/ practicum placement
5+ years: 800 direct client hours w/in last 5 yrs
Regulated
No
Diagnose
Yes
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium-low
What to expect
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Psychotherapist
Designation
Psychotherapist
Education
Master's degree or  "demonstrated competency"
Training hours
750 hours
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
What to expect
Offers psychotherapy
Psychology
Social Work
Counselling therapy and psychotherapy
Designation
Psychologist
Psychological Associate
Registered Social Services Worker (RSSW)
Registered Social Worker (RSW)
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.)
Federal
Registered Psychotherapist (RP)
Education
PhD
Psychiatrist/MD
College Diploma
Bachelor's degree
Master's or PhD
Master's degree or  "demonstrated competency"
Training hours
4 year residency + 1 year supervision
6,000 hours supervised work
Demonstrated experience in social work within 5 years of application
Demonstrated experience in social work within 5 years of application
Based on graduation date**
<5 years: 150 direct client hours w/ practicum placement
5+ years: 800 direct client hours w/in last 5 yrs
Exam + 450 direct client hours + 100 hours clinical supervision*
Regulated
Training hours
4 year residency + 1 year supervision
6,000 hours supervised work
Demonstrated experience in social work within 5 years of application
Demonstrated experience in social work within 5 years of application
Based on graduation date**
<5 years: 150 direct client hours w/ practicum placement
5+ years: 800 direct client hours w/in last 5 yrs
Exam + 450 direct client hours + 100 hours clinical supervision*
Regulated
Diagnose
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
No
Diagnose
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
No
Rx
No
No
No
No
No
No
Cost/sn
$200 - $300
$125+
$100 - $150
$50 - $90 +
$50 - $200+
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium - High
Medium
Medium
Medium - High
Medium - Low
Medium - High
What to expect
May offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy
May offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy
May offer counselling, community services and social support programs
May offer counselling or psychotherapy (if registered)
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Offers psychotherapy

British Columbia

The types of counsellors in British Columbia that are regulated include Registered Social Worker (RSW) and Psychologist. BC is in progress regulating the title of Counselling Therapist.

Find a therapist in BC
Psychology
Social Work
Counselling therapy and psychotherapy
Designation
Psychologist
Psychological Associate
Registered Social Worker (RSW)
Master's of Social Work (MSW)
Registered Clinical Social Worker (RCSW)
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.)
Federal
Registered Clinical Counsellor (RCC)
Counselling Therapist
Education
PhD
Master's degree
Bachelor's degree
Master's degree
Master's degree + additional clinical certifications
Master's or PhD
Master's degree
NA
Training hours
600 hours practica + 1,600 internship
1 year for post-masters supervised internship and 3 years supervised practice
Provincial exams and some practical experience
Provincial exams and some practical experience
Provincial exams and some practical experience
Based on graduation date**
<5 years: 150 direct client hours w/ practicum placement
5+ years: 800 direct client hours w/in last 5 yrs
100 hours of clinical supervision
NA
Regulated
In progress
Training hours
600 hours practica + 1,600 internship
1 year for post-masters supervised internship and 3 years supervised practice
Provincial exams and some practical experience
Provincial exams and some practical experience
Provincial exams and some practical experience
Based on graduation date**
<5 years: 150 direct client hours w/ practicum placement
5+ years: 800 direct client hours w/in last 5 yrs
100 hours of clinical supervision
NA
Regulated
In progress
Diagnose
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
Diagnose
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
Rx
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
Cost/sn
$200 - $300
$125+
$50 - $90 +
$50 - $90 +
$50 - $90 +
$50 - $200+
$120 - $175
NA
Coverage likelihood
Medium - High
Medium
Medium
Medium
Medium
Medium - Low
Medium
NA
What to expect
May offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy
May offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy
May offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy
May offer counselling or therapy
May offer counselling or therapy
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
TBD

Psychologist

Designation
Psychologist
Education
PhD
Training hours
600 hours practica + 1,600 internshp
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
Yes
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$200 - $300
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
What to expect
May offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy
Designation
Psychological Associate
Education
Master's degree
Training hours
1 year for post-masters supervised internship and 3 years supervised practice
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
Yes
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$125+
Coverage likelihood
Medium
What to expect
May offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy

Social Worker

Registered Social Worker (RSW)
Designation
Registered Social Worker (RSW)
Education
Bachelor's degree
Training hours
Provincial exams and some practical experience
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $90 +
Coverage likelihood
Medium
What to expect
May offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy
Master's of Social Work (MSW)
Designation
Master's of Social Work (MSW)
Education
Master's degree
Training hours
Provincial exams and some practical experience
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $90 +
Coverage likelihood
Medium
What to expect
May offer counselling or therapy
Registered Clinical Social Worker (RCSW)
Designation
Registered Clinical Social Worker (RCSW)
Education
Master's degree + additional clinical certifications
Training hours
Provincial exams and some practical experience
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
Yes
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $90 +
Coverage likelihood
Medium
What to expect
May offer counselling or therapy

Counsellors and psychotherapists

Certified Canadian Counsellor
Designation
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Education
Master's or PhD
Training hours
Based on graduation date**
<5 years: 150 direct client hours w/ practicum placement
5+ years: 800 direct client hours w/in last 5 yrs
Regulated
No
Diagnose
Yes
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium-low
What to expect
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Registered Clinical Counsellor
Designation
Registered Clinical Counsellor (RCC)
Education
Master's degree
Training hours
100 hours of clinical supervision
Regulated
No
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$120 - $175
Coverage likelihood
Medium
What to expect
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Counselling Therapist
Designation
Counselling Therapist
Education
NA
Training hours
NA
Regulated
In progress
Regulatory body
NA
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
NA
Coverage likelihood
NA
What to expect
TBD

Alberta

Registered Social Workers (RSW) and Psychologists are the regulated titles for therapists and counsellors in Alberta. Regulations passed for the title of Counselling Therapist but a governing college is not yet in place.

Find a therapist in Alberta
Psychology
Social Work
Counselling therapy and psychotherapy
Designation
Psychologist
Registered Social Worker
Registered Clinical Social Worker (RCSW)
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.)
Federal
Provisional Psychologist
Education
Master's degree or PhD
Diploma, Bachelor's or Master's Degree
Master's degree and additional education
Master's or PhD
Master's
Training hours
1 year (1,600 hours) post-masters
Varied: up to 400 hours
1,600 hours supervised practice + 100 hours clinical supervision
Based on graduation date**
<5 years: 150 direct client hours w/ practicum placement
5+ years: 800 direct client hours w/in last 5 yrs
1600 supervised hours
Regulated
Training hours
1 year (1,600 hours) post-masters
Varied: up to 400 hours
1,600 hours supervised practice + 100 hours clinical supervision
Based on graduation date**
<5 years: 150 direct client hours w/ practicum placement
5+ years: 800 direct client hours w/in last 5 yrs
1600 supervised hours
Regulated
Diagnose
Yes
No
TBD
No
No
Diagnose
Yes
No
TBD
No
No
Rx
No
No
No
No
No
Cost / sn
$200 - $300
$50 - $90 +
$50 - $90 +
$50 - $200+
NA
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
Medium
Medium
Medium - low
NA
What to expect
May offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy
May offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy
May offer counselling or therapy
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Psychotherapy

Psychologist

Designation
Psychologist
Education
Master's degree or PhD
Training hours
1 year (1,600 hours) post-masters
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
Yes
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$200 - $300
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
What to expect
May offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy

Social Worker

Registered Social Worker
Designation
Registered Social Worker
Education
Diploma, Bachelor's or Master's Degree
Training hours
Varied: up to 400 hours
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $90 +
Coverage likelihood
Medium
What to expect
May offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy
Registered Clinical Social Worker (RCSW)
Designation
Registered Clinical Social Worker (RCSW)
Education
Master's degree and additional education
Training hours
1,600 hours supervised practice + 100 hours clinical supervision
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
TBD
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $90 +
Coverage likelihood
Medium
What to expect
May offer counselling or therapy

Counsellors and psychotherapists

Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Designation
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Education
Master's or PhD
Training hours
Based on graduation date**
<5 years: 150 direct client hours w/ practicum placement
5+ years: 800 direct client hours w/in last 5 yrs
Regulated
No
Diagnose
Yes
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium-low
What to expect
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Psychotherapist
Designation
Psychotherapist
Education
Master's
Training hours
1600 supervised hours
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
NA
Coverage likelihood
MA
What to expect
Psychotherapy

Quebec

A number of titles for therapists in Quebec are regulated by the provincial law. Quebec Regulates the titles of Psychologist, Psychotherapist and Social Worker. Marriage and family therapists also fall under the regulations overseeing social workers in the province. Other professionals, like guidance counsellors, criminologists, occupational therapists, nurses, psychoeducators, sexologists, family therapists and social workers can also only practice psychotherapy with a psychotherapy permit.

Find a therapist in Quebec

Psychologist

Designation
Psychologist
Education
PhD
Training hours
2,300 hours of supervised practice and 45 hours of code of ethics training
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
Yes
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$200 - $300
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
What to expect
If working with clients, can offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy

Social Worker

Designation
Social Worker
Education
Bachelor's or master's degree in social work
Training hours
NA
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $90 +
Coverage likelihood
Medium
What to expect
May offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy, if permitted by the Order of Psychologists of Quebec

Counsellors and psychotherapists

Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Designation
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Education
Master's or PhD
Training hours
150 supervised hours
Regulated
No
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium-low
What to expect
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Psychotherapist
Designation
Psychotherapist
Education
Master's
Training hours
765 hours of university-level theoretical training + 600 hours psychotherapy training
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
NA
Coverage likelihood
NA
What to expect
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Psychologist
Social Work
Counselling therapy and psychotherapy
Designation
Psychologist
Social Worker
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.)
Federal
Psychotherapist
Education
PhD
Bachelor's or master's degree in social work
master's or PhD
master's
Training hours
2,300 hours of supervised practice and 45 hours of code of ethics training
NA
150 supervised hours
765 hours of university-level theoretical training + 600 hours psychotherapy training
Regulated
Training hours
2,300 hours of supervised practice and 45 hours of code of ethics training
NA
150 supervised hours
765 hours of university-level theoretical training + 600 hours psychotherapy training
Regulated
Diagnose
Yes
No
No
No
Diagnose
Yes
No
No
No
Rx
No
No
No
No
Cost / sn
$200 - $300
$50 - $90 +
$50 - $200+
NA
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
Medium
Medium - low
NA
What to expect
If working with clients, can offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy
May offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy, if permitted by the Order of Psychologists of Quebec
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.

Saskatchewan

Counsellors in Saskatchewan are regulated under the titles of Psychologist and Social Worker. Regulations are coming for the title of Counselling Therapist but they are not yet in place.

Find a therapist in Saskatchewan

Psychologist

Designation
Psychologist
Education
master's degree and above
Training hours
~1,500 hours of supervised training
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
Yes
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$200 - $300
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
What to expect
If working with clients, can offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy

Social Worker

Social Worker
Education
Bachelor's degree and above
Training hours
40 hours of continuing proffessional education, annually
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $90 +
Coverage likelihood
Medium
What to expect
Can offer counselling in a number of settings, including one-on-one with clients in private practice
Registered Clinical Social Worker (RCSW)
Designation
Registered Clinical Social Worker (RCSW)
Education
Master's degree
Training hours
clinical placement of 450 hours + 3,000 hours post-degree practice in a clinical setting
Regulated
No
Diagnose
Yes
Rx
No
Cost/sn
NA
Coverage likelihood
Medium
What to expect
Can work in clinical mental health settings to assess and diagnose menal health disorders

Counsellors and psychotherapists

Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Designation
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Education
Master's or PhD
Training hours
150 supervised hours
Regulated
No
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium-low
What to expect
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Counselling therapist
Regulated
In progress
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
NA
What to expect
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Psychologist
Social Work
Counselling therapy and psychotherapy
Designation
Psychologist
Social Worker
Social Worker
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.)
Federal
Psychotherapist
Education
master's degree and above
Bachelor's degree and above
master's degree
master's or PhD
NA
Training hours
~1,500 hours of supervised training
40 hours of continuing proffessional education, annually
clinical placement of 450 hours + 3,000 hours post-degree practice in a clinical setting
150 supervised hours
765 hours of university-level theoretical training + 600 hours psychotherapy training
Regulated
In progress
Training hours
~1,500 hours of supervised training
40 hours of continuing proffessional education, annually
clinical placement of 450 hours + 3,000 hours post-degree practice in a clinical setting
150 supervised hours
765 hours of university-level theoretical training + 600 hours psychotherapy training
Regulated
In progress
Diagnose
Yes
No
Yes
No
No
Diagnose
Yes
No
Yes
No
No
Rx
No
No
No
No
Cost / sn
$200 - $300
$50 - $90 +
NA
$50 - $200+
NA
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
Medium
Medium
Medium - low
NA
What to expect
If working with clients, can offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy
Can offer counselling in a number of settings, including one-on-one with clients in private practice
Can work in clinical mental health settings to assess and diagnose menal health disorders
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.

Manitoba

Therapists and counsellors in Manitoba are regulated under the titles of Social Worker, Psychologist and Psychological Associate. Regulations are in progress for the title of Counselling Therapist.

Find a therapist in Manitoba

Psychologist

Designation
Psychologist
Education
PhD
Training hours
2 years of supervised practice under another registered psychologist
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
Yes
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$150+
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
What to expect
If working with clients, can offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy
Designation
Psychological Associate
Education
Master's degree
Training hours
4 years of post degree supervision under another registered Psychologist
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
Yes, under supervision
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$100+
Coverage likelihood
Medium
What to expect
If working with clients, can offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy

Social Worker

Designation
Social Worker
Education
Bachelor's or master's of social work (MSW)
Training hours
5600 social work practice hours within 5 years or registration + registration exam
Associations
NA
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $90 +
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
What to expect
Can offer counselling in a number of settings, including one-on-one with clients in private practice

Counsellors and psychotherapists

Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Designation
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Education
Master's or PhD
Training hours
150 supervised hours
Regulated
No
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium-low
What to expect
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Counselling therapist
Regulated
In progress
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $200+
What to expect
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
Psychologist
Social Work
Counselling therapy and psychotherapy
Designation
Psychologist
Psychological Associate
Social Worker
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.)
Federal
Counselling Therapist
Education
PhD
master's
Bachelor's or master's of social work (MSW)
master's or PhD
NA
Training hours
2 years of supervised practice under another registered psychologist
4 years of post degree supervision under another registered Psychologist
5600 social work practice hours within 5 years or registration + registration exam
150 supervised hours
NA
Regulated
In progress
Training hours
2 years of supervised practice under another registered psychologist
4 years of post degree supervision under another registered Psychologist
5600 social work practice hours within 5 years or registration + registration exam
150 supervised hours
NA
Regulated
In progress
Diagnose
Yes
Yes, under supervision
No
No
Diagnose
Yes
Yes, under supervision
No
No
Rx
No
No
No
No
No
Cost / sn
$150+
$100+
$50 - $90 +
$50 - $200+
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
Medium
Medium - high
Medium - low
Medium - high
What to expect
If working with clients, can offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy
Can offer counselling in a number of settings, including one-on-one with clients in private practice
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.

NFLD and Labrador

When looking for a therapist in Newfoundland and Labrador, the titles of Social Worker and Psychologist are regulated. Regulations are in progress for the title of Counselling Therapist.

Find a therapist in Newfoundland Labrador

Psychologist

Designation
Psychologist
Education
master's degree or PhD
Training hours
One year of supervised professional experience for PhDs, two years for master's + exam
Regulated
Yes
Regulatory body
Newfoundland and Labrador Psychology Board
Diagnose
Yes
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$150+
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
What to expect
If working with clients, can offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy

Social Worker

Designation
Registered Social Worker (RSW)
Education
Bachelor's, master's or doctoral degree
Training hours
700 hours of field placement for bachelor's degree
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $90 +
Coverage likelihood
Medium
What to expect
Can offer counselling in a number of settings, including one-on-one with clients in private practice

Counsellors and psychotherapists

Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Designation
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Education
Master's or PhD
Training hours
150 supervised hours
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium-low
What to expect
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Counselling Therapist
Designation
Counselling Therapist
Education
NA
Training hours
NA
Regulated
In progress
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
What to expect
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Psychologist
Social Work
Counselling therapy and psychotherapy
Designation
Psychologist
Registered Social Worker (RSW)
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.)
Federal
Counselling Therapist
Education
master's degree or PhD
Bachelor's, master's or doctoral degree
master's or PhD
NA
Training hours
One year of supervisded professional experience for PhDs, two years for master's + exam
700 hours of field placement for bachelor's degree
150 supervised hours
NA
Regulated
In progress
Regulatory body
Newfoundland and Labrador Psychology Board
Training hours
One year of supervisded professional experience for PhDs, two years for master's + exam
700 hours of field placement for bachelor's degree
150 supervised hours
NA
Regulated
In progress
Regulatory body
Newfoundland and Labrador Psychology Board
Diagnose
Yes
No
No
Diagnose
Yes
No
No
Rx
No
No
No
No
Cost / sn
$150+
$50 - $90 +
$50 - $200+
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
Medium
Medium - low
Medium - high
What to expect
If working with clients, can offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy
Can offer counselling in a number of settings, including one-on-one with clients in private practice
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.

New Brunswick

Therapists and counsellors in New Brunswick are regulated under the titles of Social Worker and Psychologists and Licensed Counselling Therapist (LCT). The regulations overseeing LCTs also apply for the professional titles of Registered Counselling Therapists and Licensed/Registered Career Counsellors.

Find a therapist in New Brunswick

Psychologist

Designation
Psychologist
Education
PhD
Training hours
Min 70% score on Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP)
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
Yes
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$180+
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
What to expect
If working with clients, can offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy

Social Worker

Designation
Registered Social Worker (RSW)
Education
Bachelor's degree
Training hours
Supervised practical experience is usually required
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $90 +
Coverage likelihood
Medium
What to expect
Can offer counselling in a number of settings, including one-on-one with clients in private practice

Counsellors and psychotherapists

Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Designation
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Education
Master's or PhD
Training hours
150 supervised hours
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium-low
What to expect
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Designation
Licensed / Registered Counselling Therapist
Education
master's degree
Training hours
150 hours direct client work post-master's program
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
What to expect
New Brunswick, under this legislation, also protects the titles of Licensed Career Counsellor, Registered Career Counsellor
Psychologist
Social Work
Counselling therapy and psychotherapy
Designation
Psychologist
Registered Social Worker (RSW)
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.)
Federal
Licensed / Registered Counselling Therapist
Education
PhD
Bachelor's degree
master's or PhD
master's degree
Training hours
Min 70% score on Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP)
Supervised practical experience is usually required
150 supervised hours
150 hours direct client work post-master's program
Regulated
Training hours
Min 70% score on Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP)
Supervised practical experience is usually required
150 supervised hours
150 hours direct client work post-master's program
Regulated
Diagnose
Yes
No
No
Diagnose
Yes
No
No
Rx
No
No
No
No
Cost / sn
$180 +
$50 - $90 +
$50 - $200+
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
Medium
Medium - low
Medium - high
What to expect
If working with clients, can offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy
Can offer counselling in a number of settings, including one-on-one with clients in private practice
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
New Brunswick, under this legislation, also protects the titles of Licensed Career Counsellor, Registered Career Counsellor

Nova Scotia

The titles of Psychologist, Registered Social Worker (RSW) and Registered Counselling Therapist (RCT) are all regulated titles for therapists and counsellors in Nova Scotia.

Find a therapist in Nova Scotia

Psychologist

Designation
Psychologist
Education
master's or PhD
Training hours
4 years supervised work for master's degree, 2 years of supervised work for a PhD + exam
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
Yes
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$210+
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
What to expect
If working with clients, can offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy

Social Worker

Designation
Registered Social Worker (RSW)
Education
Bachelor's or master's degree
Training hours
2500 hours of practice experience post-graduation
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $90 +
Coverage likelihood
Medium
What to expect
Can offer counselling in a number of settings, including one-on-one with clients in private practice

Counsellors and psychotherapists

Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Designation
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Education
Master's or PhD
Training hours
150 supervised hours
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium-low
What to expect
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Designation
Registered Counselling Therapist (RCT)
Education
master's or PhD
Training hours
150 hours direct client work post-master's program
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
What to expect
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Psychologist
Social Work
Counselling therapy and psychotherapy
Designation
Psychologist
Registered Social Worker (RSW)
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.)
Federal
Registerd Counselling Therapist (RCT)
Education
master's or PHD
Bachelor's or master's degree
master's or PhD
master's or PhD
Training hours
4 years supervised work for master's degree, 2 years of supervised work for a PhD + exam
2500 hours of practice experience post-graduation
150 supervised hours
120 hours of practice experience
Regulated
Training hours
4 years supervised work for master's degree, 2 years of supervised work for a PhD + exam
2500 hours of practice experience post-graduation
150 supervised hours
120 hours of practice experience
Regulated
Diagnose
Yes
No
No
Diagnose
Yes
No
No
Rx
No
No
No
No
Cost / sn
$210+
$50 - $90 +
$50 - $200+
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
Medium
Medium - low
Medium - high
What to expect
If working with clients, can offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy
Can offer counselling in a number of settings, including one-on-one with clients in private practice
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.

Prince Edward Island

Therapists in Prince Edward Island are regulated under the titles of Psychologist, Registered Social Worker (RSW) and Counselling Therapist.

Find a therapist in Prince Edward Island

Psychologist

Designation
Psychologist
Education
PhD
Training hours
600 hours doctoral practicum, 1,700 hours of a doctoral internship
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
Yes
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$210+
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
What to expect
If working with clients, can offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy

Social Worker

Designation
Registered Social Worker (RSW)
Education
Bachelor's or master's degree
Training hours
four years field experience, or equivalent hours + 25 continuing education annually
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $90 +
Coverage likelihood
Medium
What to expect
Can offer counselling in a number of settings, including one-on-one with clients in private practice

Counsellors and psychotherapists

Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Designation
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Education
Master's or PhD
Training hours
150 supervised hours
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium-low
What to expect
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Designation
Counselling Therapist
Education
Master's degree
Training hours
750 hours of approved work experience
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$100+
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
What to expect
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Psychologist
Social Work
Counselling therapy and psychotherapy
Designation
Psychologist
Registered Social Worker (RSW)
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.)
Federal
Counselling Therapist
Education
PhD
Bachelor's degree and above
master's or PhD
Master's degree
Training hours
600 hours doctoral practicum, 1,700 hours of a doctoral internship
four years field experience, or equivalent hours + 25 continuing education annually
150 supervised hours
750 hours of approved work experience
Regulated
Training hours
600 hours doctoral practicum, 1,700 hours of a doctoral internship
four years field experience, or equivalent hours + 25 continuing education annually
150 supervised hours
750 hours of approved work experience
Regulated
Diagnose
Yes
No
No
Diagnose
Yes
No
No
Rx
No
No
No
No
Cost / sn
$210+
$50 - $90 +
$50 - $200+
$100+
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
Medium
Medium - low
Medium - high
What to expect
If working with clients, can offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy
Can offer counselling in a number of settings, including one-on-one with clients in private practice
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.

Nunavut

When looking for a therapist in Nunavut, be aware that the territory only regulates the title of Psychologist. Yukon and Nunavut do not currently require registration to practice as a social worker. There are currently no regulations for psychotherapy or counselling therapy in place.

Find a therapist in Nunavut

Psychologist

Designation
Psychologist
Education
Master's or PhD
Training hours
1,600 hours practical experience while on the internship registry
Regulated
Yes
Regulatory body
Registrar, Professional LicensingNunavut Health and Social Services (no website)
Diagnose
Yes
Rx
No
Cost/sn
NA
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
What to expect
If working with clients, can offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy

Social Worker

Designation
Registered Social Worker (RSW)
Education
Diploma
Training hours
NA
Regulated
NA
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
NA
Coverage likelihood
NA
What to expect
Social workers in Nunavut would provide community social services with a diploma education

Counsellors and psychotherapists

Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Designation
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Education
Master's or PhD
Training hours
150 supervised hours
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium-low
What to expect
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Psychologist
Social Work
Counselling therapy and psychotherapy
Designation
Psychologist
Social Worker
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.)
Federal
Education
Master's or PhD
Diploma
master's or PhD
Training hours
1,600 hours practical experience while on the internship registry
NA
150 supervised hours
Regulated
Regulatory body
Registrar, Professional LicensingNunavut Health and Social Services (no website)
NA
Training hours
1,600 hours practical experience while on the internship registry
NA
150 supervised hours
Regulated
Regulatory body
Registrar, Professional LicensingNunavut Health and Social Services (no website)
NA
Diagnose
Yes
No
No
Regulatory body
Registrar, Professional LicensingNunavut Health and Social Services (no website)
NA
Diagnose
Yes
No
No
Rx
No
No
No
Cost / sn
NA
NA
$50 - $200+
Diagnose
Yes
No
No
Rx
No
No
No
Cost / sn
NA
NA
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
NA
Medium - low
What to expect
If working with clients, can offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy
Social workers in Nunavut would provide community social services with a diploma education
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.

Northwest Territories

Therapists in the Northwest Territories are regulated under the titles of Psychologist and Registered Social Worker (RSW). There are currently no regulations for psychotherapy or counselling therapy in place.

Find a therapist in Northwest Territories

Psychologist

Designation
Psychologist
Education
Master's or PhD
Training hours
1,600 hours practical experience while on the internship registry
Regulated
Yes
Diagnose
Yes
Rx
No
Cost/sn
NA
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
What to expect
If working with clients, can offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy

Social Worker

Designation
Registered Social Worker (RSW)
Education
Bachelor's degree
Training hours
Annual continuing competency requirements
Rx
No
Cost/sn
NA
Coverage likelihood
Medium
What to expect
Can offer counselling in a number of settings, including one-on-one with clients in private practice

Counsellors and psychotherapists

Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Designation
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Education
Master's or PhD
Training hours
150 supervised hours
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium-low
What to expect
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Psychologist
Social Work
Counselling therapy and psychotherapy
Designation
Psychologist
Social Worker
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.)
Federal
Education
Master's or PhD
Bachelor's degree
master's or PhD
Training hours
1,600 hours practical experience while on the internship registry
Annual continuing competency requirements
150 supervised hours
Regulated
Diagnose
Yes
No
Rx
No
No
No
Cost / sn
NA
NA
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium - high
Medium
Medium - low
What to expect
If working with clients, can offer psychotherapy or counselling therapy
Can offer counselling in a number of settings, including one-on-one with clients in private practice
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.

Yukon

Like Nunavut, therapists in the Yukon are only regulated under the title of Psychologist. Yukon and Nunavut do not currently require registration to practice as a social worker. There are currently no regulations for psychotherapy or counselling therapy in place.

Find a therapist in Yukon

Psychologist

Designation
Psychologist
Education
NA
Training hours
NA
Regulatory body
NA
Associations
Diagnose
NA
Rx
NA
Cost/sn
NA
Coverage likelihood
NA
What to expect
Yukon has no provincial legislation governing practice of psychology

Social Worker

Designation
Registered Social Worker (RSW)
Education
Diploma
Training hours
NA
Regulated
NA
Diagnose
No
Rx
NA
Cost/sn
NA
What to expect
Social workers in the Yukon would provide community social services with a diploma education

Counsellors and psychotherapists

Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Designation
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.) Federal
Education
Master's or PhD
Training hours
150 supervised hours
Diagnose
No
Rx
No
Cost/sn
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
Medium-low
What to expect
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.
Psychologist
Social Work
Counselling therapy and psychotherapy
Designation
Psychologist
Social Worker
Certified Canadian Counsellor (C.C.C.)
Federal
Education
NA
Diploma
master's or PhD
Training hours
NA
NA
150 supervised hours
Regulated
Regulatory body
NA
NA
Training hours
NA
NA
150 supervised hours
Regulated
Regulatory body
NA
NA
Diagnose
NA
No
No
Regulatory body
NA
NA
Diagnose
NA
No
No
Rx
NA
No
No
Cost / sn
NA
NA
$50 - $200+
Diagnose
NA
No
No
Rx
NA
No
No
Cost / sn
NA
NA
$50 - $200+
Coverage likelihood
NA
NA
Medium - low
What to expect
Yukon has no provincial legislation governing practice of psychology
Social workers in the Yukon would provide community social services with a diploma education
Array of talk therapy and other therapy or counselling methods and modalities.

* Until the RP requirements are complete, qualifying members of the College of Registered Psychotherapists of Ontario (CRPO) can use the titles of Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) or RP (Qualifying). Registered Psychotherapists (RP) are permitted by the CRPO to practice independently only once they have completed 1,000 direct client contact hours and 150 hours of clinical supervision.
** The Canadian Certified Counsellor (C.C.C.) designation with the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association (CCPA) has two pathways. Pathway one is for new professionals who completed their graduate degree (master's or PhD) under fives years ago. Pathway two is for experienced practitioners who completed their graduate degree over five years ago

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